Learn About CBG Cannabigerol, What It Is: The New Cannabinoid
Few people know about cannabigerol (CBG), a potent cannabinoid among the other hemp plant products. CBG is the least abundant of all the cannabinoid strains in the plant. This means that it also receives less attention. Read along to find a detailed explanation of what CBG is and how its synthesis process looks like.
What is CBG?
Cannabigerol is one of the remnants when Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) disintegrates within the cannabis plant. It is a remnant because its synthesis process involves formation and separation from other cannabinoids. What remains after the process forms CBG.
In fact, most studies have classified cannabigerol as the “mother” of all the other cannabinoids. Every cannabis plant produces Cannabigerolic acid, which is the basic form of CBG. It is this Cannabigerolic acid that produces all the other cannabinoids, including CBG.
What does the process of CBG formation entail?
During the growth of the cannabis plant, the Cannabigerolic acid undergoes an elaborate biosynthesis process. Plant enzymes act to break it down into three different acidic elements, namely:
• Tetrahydracannabinolic acid (THCA)
• Cannabichromenic acid (CBCA)
• Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA)
What is CBG in this context?
It is the cannabinoid that comes from the remaining cannabigerol acid after this process.
These three acids use up most of the Cannabigerolic acid to form the other most popular cannabinoids. The synthesis process, in effect, leaves a tiny amount of CBG in the plant. This explains why it weighs very little in a harvested plant, not more than 1% in the composition.
The acids go through a decarboxylation- a process that causes them to lose a carbon dioxide molecule. Decarboxylation leaves them in their most active state, which is medicinal.
Naturally, the cannabis plant cannot yield much CBG due to this process. It is only the hemp plant that can give a higher concentration of this cannabinoid. The hemp plant’s genetic composition does not favor the processes that form Cannabidiolic acid and the others. Thus, all the Cannabigerolic acid that is present in the plant goes into the formation of CBG.
The cannabis breeder’s creativity is now making it possible to produce plants that have a high CBG concentration. They are doing this through careful genetic manipulation, which in most cases, involves crossbreeding of strains. Some research shows that the harvest timing is also a great way of getting higher Cannabigerol concentration in the CBG flower.
Clever breeders time when the plant is in the budding phase. This is when the plant has a significantly high concentration of CBG as opposed to the flower stage. The discovery of CBG explains why the hemp plant is becoming more popular among cannabis farmers.
What is the Origin of CBG?
The best way to understand the origin of cannabigerol is by looking at the history of its discovery. Initially, research into cannabinoids had concentrated on the two more accepted cannabinoids. Few researchers had managed to isolate CBG and attach any significant benefit to it.
Consequent discovery of other cannabinoids laid bare the pathway of the cannabinoid biosynthesis process. A follow up on this process led to the discovery of CBG in the 1960s by Israeli scientists Yehiel Gaoni and Mechoulam Raphael. They did not immediately research into its medicinal properties.
However, Gaoni’s and Mechoulam’s discovery had opened the way for more research. It was barely one decade after their discovery when other researchers found that CBG had interesting medicinal benefits. Research is still ongoing to improve humanity’s experience with this potent but often underrated cannabinoid.
Legal Status of CBG
What is CBG in the eyes of the law? Everything around cannabis and related plants has been controversial and illegal in some jurisdictions for some time now. Although the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) has recognized some cannabinoids as drugs, it is not yet the case for CBG. However, there is some hope that someday it may pass the test.
The FDA has a drug exclusion rule that may exempt CBG alongside other cannabis products that it does not consider harmful. The burden lies in the researchers since they have to prove that CBG qualifies as a harmless and beneficial supplement that people can take as part of their normal diet.
The situation above applies to marijuana-based CBG. The 2018 Farm Bill legalized the hemp plant, albeit with serious restrictions. Nevertheless, it is legal, provided it has nothing to do with marijuana. This bill effectively legalizes all the CBG that you can extract from the hemp plant, alongside other derivatives such as CBG distillate.
CBG interacts with the endocannabinoid system in the human mind. Its reception may trigger some positive effects on physical, appetite, and emotions. This ability shows that CBG can treat some conditions in the body and the mind. Some research has found it to treat inflammation conditions, bacterial infections and improving the growth of bones. How you use the product determines whether the product will be effective. Wrong intake and going beyond the recommended dosage can cause unwanted side effects.
What Is the Future of CBG?
Cannabigerol is becoming more available in recent times, especially after the Farm Bill came into effect. However, it is still not available in the right quantities to meet the growing demand. This shows a gap that needs serious researchers, medical players, breeders, and other stakeholders to fill.
CBG has great potential of being the next big thing in the robust hemp industry. The future of cannabinoids is changing for the better, and CBG is taking the leading role in bringing about that change. Research so far indicates that CBG could give immense hope to people looking forward to fighting chronic pain and anxiety-related issues.
If researchers and breeders could develop a way of producing the product in larger quantities, demand could go even higher. Others issues that could brighten up the future of CBG if solutions are possible include:
• Easing regulation measures around the product
• Improving the quality of CBG through research
• Liberalizing information about CBG to increase access and awareness
All said and done, CBG has the potential to revolutionize the role of cannabinoids in medicine. It is influencing people to start looking at the hemp plant from a different perspective. When people start realizing the many benefits of CBG, hemp production will go up, and authorities may start easing the regulations.
Published by: John Piccone